Furu e Deen - Branches of Religion
Branches of Religion or Furu e Deen are 10 in Shia Islam.
1. Salat (Namaz)
Salāt (“prayer”, Arabic: صلاة ṣalāh or gen: ṣalāt; pl. صلوات ṣalawāt) is the practice of ritualistic prayer in Islam as opposed to dua, which is the Arabic word for supplication. Its importance for Muslims is indicated by its status as one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
Salat is preceded by ritual ablution and usually performed five times a day. It consists of the repetition of a unit called a rakʿah (pl. rakaʿāt) consisting of prescribed actions and words. The number of obligatory (fard) rakaʿāt varies from two to four according to the time of day or other circumstances (such as Friday congregational worship, which has two rakats). Prayer is obligatory for all Muslims except those who are prepubescent, menstruating, or are experiencing bleeding in the 40 days after childbirth.
- 01. Namaz – Namaz ki Ahmiyat
- 02. Namaz – Wajib Namazain
- 03. Namaz – Mustahab Aur Nafila Namaz
- 04. Namaz – Namazi Ka Libaas
- 04A. Namaz – Namaz May Badan Ka Chupana
- 05. Namaz – Namaz Parhnay Ki Jagah
- 06. Namaz – Muqamaat Jahan Namaz Parhna Mustahab Hay
- 07. Namaz – Masjid Kay Ahkaam
- 08. Namaz – Wajibaat e Namaz P1
- 08A. Namaz – Wajibaat e Namaz P2
- 09. Namaz – Sajda Aur Ahkamaat
- 09A. Namaz – Sajda e Sehaw
- 10. Namaz – Qunoot
- 11. Namaz – Taqibaat e Namaz
- 12. Namaz – Mubtilaat e Namaz
- 13. Namaz – Wo Muqamat Jahan Wajib Namaz Torna Jaiz Hay
- 14. Namaz – Makrohaat e Namaz
- 15. Namaz – Namaz may Shak
- 16. Namaz – Namaz e Jamaat
- 17. Namaz – Namaz e Jumma
- 18. Namaz – Musafir ki Namaz
- 19. Namaz – Apni aur Walid ki Qaza Namazain
- 20. Namaz – Namaz e Ahtiyaat
- 21. Namaz – Namaz e Eid
- 21A. Namaz – Namaz e Aayaat
- 22. Namaz – Bholay Huay Sajday aur Tashahud ki Qaza
2. Sawm (Roza)
Sawm (Arabic: صوم, plural: Siam) is an Arabic word for fasting regulated by Islamic jurisprudence. In the terminology of Islamic law, sawm means to abstain from eating and drinking during daylight hours. The observance of sawm during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, but is not confined to that month.
- 01 – Roza – Rozay Ki Tareef o Ahmiyat
- 02 – Roza – Rozay Ki Iqsaam
- 03 – Roza – Wajib Rozay
- 04 – Roza – Haraam Rozay
- 05 – Roza – Mustahib Rozay
- 06 – Roza – Makrooh Rozay
- 07 – Roza – Roza Wajib Honay Ki Sharaayit
- 08 – Roza – Roza Saheeh Honay Ki Sharayat
- 09 – Roza – Rozay Ki Niyat
- 10 – Roza – Mubtilaat e Roza (Khana Peena)
- 11 – Roza – Mubtilaat e Roza (Jama)
- 12 – Roza – Mubtilaat e Roza (Istamna)
- 13 – Roza – Mubtilaat e Roza (Khuda, Rasool, Aaima say Jhoot Nisbat Dayna)
- 14 – Roza – Mubtilaat e Roza (Dhuwan Halaq Tak Layjana)
- 15 – Roza – Mubtilaat e Roza (Poora Sar Pani May Dabona)
- 16 – Roza – Mubtilaat e Roza (Azaan e Subah Tak Janabat May Baqi Rehna)
- 17 – Roza – Mubtilaat e Roza (Huqna Layna)
- 18 – Roza – Mubtilaat e Roza (Ulti Karna)
- 19 – Roza – Rozay Ko Batil Karnay Wali Cheezain
- 20 – Roza – Makrohaat e Roza
- 21 – Roza – Sharaiyat e Kamal e Roza
- 22 – Roza – Wo Muqam Jahan Qaza Aur Kaffara Wajib Hay
- 23 – Roza – Wo Muqam Jahan Rozay Ki Qaza Wajib Hay
- 24 – Roza – Wo Muqam Jahan Rozay Ki Qaza Laazim Hay
- 25 – Roza – Wo Afraad Jo Roza Nahi Rakh Saktay
- 26 – Roza – Rozay Ka Kaffara
- 27 – Roza – Rozay Ka Kaffara
- 28 – Roza – Qaza Rozay
- 29 – Roza – Musafir Kay Rozay
Hajj is one of the basic principles of Islam; its performance is one of its essentials, and its non-performance is a grave sin. Denial of the obligatory nature of Hajj is blasphemy (kufr). Allah states in the Holy Qur’an, “.. and pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon men for the sake of Allah, (upon) every one who is able to undertake the journey to it; and whoever disbelieves, surely Allah is Self-sufficient, above any need of the worlds”. (3/97).
Sheikh Kulayni has reported that Imam as-Sadiq (a.s.) has said, “Whoever dies without having performed obligatory pilgrimage when he was not prevented by lack of means, illness, or force, dies a Jew or a Christian”. Indeed, there are many hadiths (traditions) on pilgrimage being obligatory and on its importance, but the brevity of this work does not permit setting them all out.
In religion the performance of pilgrimage is obligatory on a person once only; it is known as ‘Hajjatul Islam’.
Zakāt (Arabic: زكاة [zæˈkæːt], “that which purifies”) is the taxation of income and wealth of a Muslim. It is a form of obligatory alms giving, and the collected amount is paid to poor Muslims, to zakat collectors, to new converts to Islam, as income to its clergy, and others
- 01 – Zakat – Introduction
- 02 – Zakat – Rules Regarding Zakat
- 03 – Zakat – Zakat of Wheat, Barley, Dates and Raisins
- 04 – Zakat – Taxable Limit of Gold
- 05 – Zakat – Taxable Limit of Silver
- 06 – Zakat – Zakat on Camel, Cow, Sheep and Goat
- 07 – Zakat – Taxable Limit of Camel
- 08 – Zakat – Taxable Limit of Cows
- 09 – Zakat – Taxable Limit of Sheep
- 10 – Zakat – Zakat of Trading Goods
- 11 – Zakat – Utilization of Zakat
- 12 – Zakat – Who is Entitled to Receiving Zakat
- 13 – Zakat – Intention of Zakat
- 14 – Zakat – Misc. Matters Relating to Zakat
- 15 – Zakat – Zakat ul Fitra
- 16 – Zakat – Misc. Matters Relating to Zakat and Fitra
- 17 – Zakat – Utilization of Fitra
In Islamic tradition, Khums (Arabic: خمس Arabic pronunciation: [xums], literally ‘Fifth’) refers to the historically required religious obligation of Muslim army to pay one-fifth of spoils of war, booty collected from non-believers after a military campaign; this tax was paid to the Caliph or Sultan, representing the state of Islam.
Khums is a 20% tax that must be paid on all items regarded as ghanima (Arabic: الْغَنيمَة, booty seized with war). There are differing legal traditions within Islam about what constitutes ghanima, and thus how far-reaching khums should be. Khums included a 20% tax paid on business profit and minerals. Khums is different and separate from other Islamic taxes such as zakat and jizya.
- 01 – Khums – Introduction
- 02 – Khums – Profit from Earning
- 03 – Khums – Minerals
- 04 – Khums – Treasure Trove
- 05 – Khums – Mixing of Lawful and Unlawful Property
- 06 – Khums – Gems Obtained from Sea by Diving
- 07 – Khums – War Booty
- 08 – Khums – Land Sold by Muslim to a Non Believer
- 09 – Khums – Utilization of Khums
Literally, jihad means `to strive’, `to struggle’ and implies use of force. This meaning has repeatedly been applied in the Holy Qur’an:
وَٱلَّذِينَ جَـٰهَدُواْ فِينَا لَنَہۡدِيَنَّہُمۡ سُبُلَنَاۚ وَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَمَعَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ
And [as for] those who strive hard in Our [cause], We will most certainly guide them in Our ways; and God is indeed with the good‑doers. (29:69)
In its second usage, jihad denotes armed confrontation and war against the enemies of Islam, and sacrificing of one’s life and property in the cause of Allah. The Holy Qur’an says:
إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَهَاجَرُواْ وَجَـٰهَدُواْ بِأَمۡوَٲلِهِمۡ وَأَنفُسِہِمۡ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ
Surely those who believed and migrated, and struggled. in Allah’s way with their property and their souls. (8:72)
7 & 8. Amar-Bil-Maroof wa Nahi-Anil-Munkir
Enjoining good and forbidding wrong, (Arabic: al-amr bi ‘l-maʿruf wa ‘n-nahy ʿani ‘l-munkar) or promotion of virtue and prevention of vice (PVPV), is an Islamic doctrine mentioned in the Qur’an. It forms a central part of the Islamic doctrine for all Muslims. It is also explicitly referred to in the two Shi’a Ancillaries of the Faith, commanding what is just and forbidding what is evil.
9 & 10. Tawalla wa Tabarra
Tawalla (to love) and Tabarra (to express aloofness). That is we love some and hate some. We should love the friends of Allah, those who desire truth, righteous people and supporters of truth and justice and we should hate the evildoers, oppressors, lovers of enjoyment and enemies of Allah, His Prophet and humanity.
Why shouldn’t we love all of them? Why shouldn’t we behave nicely with all of them? Can we forgo the method of living with amity in the present age? However, those who are in favor of having friendly relations with all must be asked:
In the world which has oppressors and oppressed, the unjust and the victims of injustice, the tyrants and the weak, the equitable and the usurpers, the pure and the dirty; shall we love all of them? Shall we remain pleased with all of them? Shall we help all of them? Can any human logic permit us to do so? Can the living conscience permit this mixing up?
These two principles are included in the basic principles of Islam so that the followers of truth, justice, freedom, purity and goodness can create unity among their ranks and that the impure, oppressive, and the unjust ones are boycotted and in way they are socially and morally subjugated by the unity of the good people.